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Fulfilling the Feasts of the Lord Part 2 of 2

By Morgan Feldmeyer

In Colossians, the Apostle Paul said, “a festival or a new moon or sabbaths…are a shadow of things to come,” (Colossians 2:16-17). In this quote, Paul shows that the fulfillment of the festivals (referred to as the seven feasts of the Lord) explain what will shortly take place in the future.

In my last post, we learned that more than half of the feasts of the Lord have already been fulfilled. Passover was fulfilled when Jesus became the perfect lamb by dying on the cross to pay for our sins. [1] Likewise, the Feast of Unleavened Bread was fulfilled when Jesus was pierced, whipped, and died on the same day that the Jews celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread by eating pierced and striped loaves. [2] Three days later on the Feast of First Fruits, Jesus arose from the dead to become the First Fruits of the ascended of God. [3] Finally, fifty days later on the Feast of Pentecost, God sent the Holy Spirit to usher in the New Covenant of the Church age on the same day the Jews celebrate when God gave the Israelites the Old Covenant. [4] With the administration of the New Covenant, Jesus became our intercessor and High Priest, thus, giving us direct access to God. [5] While the fulfillment of these four spring feasts shows what Jesus has already done and become for us, the three fall feasts show what Jesus will do and will become in the future.[6]

The first festival Jesus will fulfill is the Feast of Trumpets which is called Rosh Hashana. Rosh Hashana is the Jewish New Year, though it occurs on sunset of the last day of the sixth month through the second day of the seventh month of the Jewish calendar. [7] This is because this holiday marks the changing of years, like January 1st on New Year’s Eve marks the changing of the old year to the new year in Western cultures. [8] This feast is important because it is the day when the destinies of people are determined for the new year. [9] For instance, on this day, it is determined “who shall live, and who shall die … who shall be impoverished and who shall be enriched; who shall fall and who shall rise.” [10] This is why this holiday is also called Yom Hazikaron which means the Day of Remembrance or Yom Hadin which means the Day of Judgement; for God remembers and judges the works of the people. [11] This feast is celebrated by the blowing of the shofar [12] and occasionally by the blowing of gold or silver trumpets depending on the number order of the year. [13]

I believe this feast will be fulfilled in the future when Jesus returns to catch away (sometimes called Rapture) his righteous church from the coming judgment (called the Great Tribulation) on the earth. I believe this for three reasons. First, just like the Feast of Trumpets, the fulfillment of this feast is characterized by the blowing of trumpets. According to the Apostle Paul, “We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed— in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” [14] Second, just like Rosh Hashana changes every year on the Western calendar and changes every hour each year because it occurs on sunset instead of on a set hour, [15] the Lord will return on a “day and hour no one knows.” [16] Third, the Feast of Trumpets is the day when it is determined who will be rewarded or judged in the coming year, [17] when Jesus comes back, some will be rewarded for their faithfulness by being allowed to escape, while others will be left to endure the Great Tribulation because of their disobedience to God. This event is shown in Luke 21; for after explaining what would happen during the Great Tribulation, Jesus admonishes his disciples to “Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.” [18] This scripture implies that if some will be counted worthy, others will not, and therefore not be able to escape the coming tribulation. Therefore, the Feast of Trumpets is a picture of Jesus rescuing the church from tribulation.[19]

The second feast Jesus will fulfill is the most holy day of the Jewish year: Yom Kippur. [20] Yom Kippur is the Day of Atonement which takes place ten days after Rosh Hashana.[21] Those ten days between Rosh Hashana to Yom Kippur are called the Days of Awe, and they are the time when the Jewish people fast and pray for repentance so that their names will be added to the heavenly books for the coming year. [22] In other words, they fast and pray almost ceaselessly on the Day of Atonement, because it is their last chance to make things “right” with God before He seals their names in the books of heaven.[23] In addition, before the Jewish temple was destroyed, the Day of Atonement was the only day of the year when the High Priest was allowed to enter into the most holy of holies to atone for the sins of the people. [24] The holy of holies was the most sacred spot in the temple, because it was where the Ark of the Covenant was kept and where God’s presence hovered. In order to atone for the sins of the people, the High Priest had to burn incense and sprinkle the blood of a perfect bull and a goat on the Ark of the Covenant to purify the temple, the priests, and the people from sin.[25] To show the forgiveness that God promised to give them, Jews wore white clothing on that day as an outward sign of this forgiveness. [26]

Jesus and God the Father will fulfill this feast and the ten days leading up to it during the Great Tribulation and at the White Judgement Throne of Christ. The ten Days of Awe are a type and a shadow of the Great Tribulation. This is because the Days of Awe provide the last chance the Jews have to repent and show their repentance through afflicting “their souls,” [27] while the Great Tribulation will be a period of seven years when the souls of people will be afflicted through trials which provide them with their last opportunity to ask for God’s repentance.[28] In addition, just like the blood of two perfect animals was the payment for the Israelites’ sins, Jesus’ blood is and will be the ultimate atonement for the sins of the world. Furthermore, Revelation 8:1-6 shows Jesus burning incense (which are the prayers of the saints) toward the end of the Great Tribulation, just like the High Priest had to burn incense at the end of the Days of Awe. [29] Finally, starting at verse 11 in chapter 20 of the book of Revelation, we see that at the end of the thousand-year reign (which I will explain later), books are opened, and God judges the world based on what is written in these books, [30] just as the Jews were judged every year according to what was written in the books. [31] Therefore, not only does the Day of Atonement point to the timing of the Great Tribulation and show God the Father as Judge, but it also shows Jesus as the ultimate atonement for our sins.[32]

The last feast to be fulfilled is the Feast of Tabernacles which is also known as Sukkot which means booths in Hebrew. [33] This is a seven-day festival when the Jews remember how the children of Israel wondered in the wilderness for forty years and how God Himself cared for their needs. [34] It occurs fifteen days after Rosh Hashana in order to bring an end to the judgement that is initiated on that day by bringing joy and rejoicing. [35]It is also a time when the Jews were required to go to the temple and to celebrate the fall harvest.[36] This gathering of the harvest is why it is sometimes called the Feast of the Ingathering. [37]During this holiday, the Jews would sing, play musical instruments, and dance as they followed the High Priest from the temple to the pool of Silone.[38] There the priest would fill one of the two jars he had brought with water and fill the other with wine, and offer them as a water and wine offering in the temple. [39] In addition, Jewish families build, eat in, and often sleep in booths, which are outdoor structures covered on two and a half sides with material and decorated on the inside.[40] This is to help them remember how the children of Israel lived in tents when they wandered through the desert.[41]

This feast will be fulfilled during the thousand years after the Great Tribulation when Christ will rule and reign on earth as King of Kings. Ezekiel and Zechariah prophesied concerning this time period, and said that the Feast of Tabernacles would be celebrated during this time. [42] In addition, this thousand-year reign will be a joyous time because the righteous church and Jesus Himself will reign. [43] King Solomon, the wisest man who ever lived, said “When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice.” [44] Therefore, the people will rejoice during the thousand-year reign, just like the Jews rejoice during the Feast of Tabernacles. Also, just as the Feast of Tabernacles ends the judgment that started after Rosh Hashana, [45] the thousand-year reign marks the end of the Great Tribulation as shown in Revelation 19-20. Finally, just as the Feast of Tabernacles was designed to celebrate the gathering of the harvest, the Apostle Paul said that after the Great Tribulation, Jesus would gather all of His people “to Him.” [46] Since the thousand-year reign takes place after the Great Tribulation, this means that Jesus’ people will be gathered unto the Lord. Therefore, the last three fall feasts will not only show what is to happen in the future, but also reveal Jesus as our rescuer, atonement, and king.

[1] Morgan Feldmeyer, “Fulfilling the Feasts of the Lord Part 1 of 2,” Salem Outreach Network, http://salemoutreach.com/fulfilling-the-feast-of-the-lord-part-1-of-2/.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Jack Fire, “Blowing the Shofar (Ram’s Horn),” Flickr, https://www.flickr.com/photos/jfreund1/15406399746.

[7] “Rosh Hashanah,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday2.htm.

[8] Ibid.

[9] “What is Rosh Hashanah?” Chabad.org, http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4762/jewish/What-Is-Rosh-Hashanah.htm.

[10] Ibid.

[11] Ibid.

[12] “Rosh Hashanah,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday2.htm.

[13] Perry Stone, Breaking the Code of the Feasts, (Cleveland TN: Voice of Evangelism Outreach Ministries Inc. ,2007) 120.

[14] 1 Cor. 15:51-52, (New King James Version).

[15] “Rosh Hashanah,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday2.htm.

[16] Matt. 24:36, (New King James Version).

[17] “What is Rosh Hashanah?” Chabad.org, http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4762/jewish/What-Is-Rosh-Hashanah.htm.

[18] Luke 21:36, (New King James Version).

[19] Christian “Drawing the Ark of the Covenant,” Bible Illustration Blog, http://bibleillustration.blogspot.com/2011/05/drawing-ark-of-covenant.html.

[20] “Yom Kippur,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday4.htm.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Ibid.

[23] Ibid.

[24] Ibid.

[25] “Yom Kippur—Day of Atonement,” Hebrew 4 Christians, http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Fall_Holidays/Yom_Kippur/yom_kippur.html.

[26] “Yom Kippur,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday4.htm.

[27] Ibid.

[28] Rev. 6-8, (New King James Version).

[29] Perry Stone, Breaking the Code of the Feasts, (Cleveland TN: Voice of Evangelism Outreach Ministries Inc. ,2007), 124-125.

[30] Rev. 20:11-15, (New King James Version).

[31] “Yom Kippur,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday4.htm.

[32] Keren, “Sukkot,” Keren or Yoga, https://kerenoryoga.wordpress.com/2013/09/17/yoga-for-sukkot/.

[33] “Sukkot,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm.

[34] Ibid.

[35] “What is Sukkot?” Chabad.org, http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4784/jewish/What-Is-Sukkot.htm.

[36] “Sukkot,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm.

[37] Perry Stone, Breaking the Code of the Feasts, (Cleveland TN: Voice of Evangelism Outreach Ministries Inc. ,2007), 128.

[38] David Brickner, “Finding Jesus in the Feast of Tabernacles,” CBN, http://www1.cbn.com/finding-jesus-feast-tabernacles.

[39] Ibid.

[40] “Sukkot,” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday5.htm.

[41] Ibid.

[42] Ez. 45:17, Zech. 14:18-19, (New King James Version).

[43] Rev. 20:4, (New King James Version).

[44] Pro. 29:2, (New King James Version).

[45] “What is Sukkot?” Chabad.org, http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4784/jewish/What-Is-Sukkot.htm.

[46] 2 Thess. 2:1, (New King James Version).

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